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    Tuesday, 8 February 2011

    How to detect Pregnancy at the earliest stage

    Pregnancy Considered as one of the most precious and blessed events in a woman's life. Early detection is important for early life style modifications and medical checkups. On the other hand its also important in family planing and birth spacing in case of unexpected pregnancy.

    1. Missed Period
    In a healthy woman, having previous normal regular periods, is likely due to pregnancy until otherwise proved. Missed period may be confused with physiological & pathological conditions like,
    Sudden change in weight
    Polycystic ovarian syndrome
    Cushing's syndrome
    Diabetes, Tuberculosis, malnutrition, etc...

    2. Morning Sickness
    May present as, 
    Tendency to vomit on rising from the bed, 
    loss of appetite or 
    Its not present in all pregnant women, its found in only 50% of cases. Usually appears following the missed period and doesn't usually continue beyond 3 months.

    3. Breast Discomfort
    A feeling of "Fullness" and "pricking" sensation.
    Appears as early as 2nd month.

    3. Frequent urination
    More troublesome during first 2-3 months. Gradually disappears after 3rd month.

    4.Feeling of fatigue

    Early Detection testing for pregnancy.
    Done by identifying hCG either in blood or urine. The time/duration needed for a positive result depends on the technique used. hCG appears in the blood earlier.

    Blood (Serum) Tests.
    1. IRMA (Immuno radiometric assay) ::
                                   Detects 8 days after Conception.
    2. ELISA (Enzyme linked immunosorbent Assay) ::
                                   Detects 5 days before 1st missed period
    3. RMA (Radioimmunoassay) ::
                                   Detects 8 days after ovulation (25th day of cycle)

    Urine Tests.
    1. Home Pregnancy tests ::
                   Detects usually on the fist day of missed period.

    2. Latex test ::
                  Detects 2 days after missed period
    3. Direct latex agglutination test ::
                  Detects 2 days after missed period

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    Friday, 15 October 2010

    Cigarette smoking and the risk of heart attack

    A mini study was carried in CMC hospital, among 20 heart attack (Myocardial Infarction) patients, on 7-10-10 and 14-10-10 respectively, to identify how Cigarette smoking influences the risk of heart attack. 

    It was found that among 20 patients with a recent history of  a heart attack, 19 had a history of cigarette smoking.

    Among the smokers who had a history of a heart attack, 2/3rd were consuming atleast 5 packs per year,.

    The Study was conclusive of chronic cigarette smoking has a direct effect on causing heart attacks in previously healthy people.

    And the study was suggestive of, in the absence of chronic cigarette smoking, high blood pressure, diabetes malletus, obesity, sedentary activity play a major role in causing heart attacks.

    Survey was conducted by : G.A.D.M.Ganepola
    Assisted by:

    Some complications of tobacco smoking are as follows,

    Cancers related to smoking :
    • Lung cancer
    • Mouth cancer
    • Larynx cancer
    • Throat cancer
    • Oral cancer
    • Esophagus cancer
    • Urinary tract cancer
    • Kidney cancer
    • Pancreas cancer
    • Cervix cancer
    A Diseased lung due to smoking
    Lung conditions :
    • Chronic obstructive lung disease
    • Chronic bronchitis
    • Emphysema
    Effects on cardiovascular system:
    • Heart disease
    • Peripheral artery disease
    • Blood vessel disease
     Effects on female fertility:
    • Female infertility
    • Early menopause
    Effects on pregnancy:
    • Low birth weight
    • Vaginal bleeding
    • Miscarriage
    • Premature delivery
    • Stillbirth
    • Sudden infant death syndrome

    It has been observed that most of disease risk falls after cessation of smoking.

    If you are a chronic smoker and looking forward to, cease cigarette smoking !!!........

    Consult a doctor as there may be withdrawal symptoms which effect  psychologically and physically.
    are some commonly seen withdrawn symptoms,  which tend to peak after 12-24 hours, and then gradually ease over 2-4 weeks. At present various medicines are available to help quit from the addiction but they must be taken under strict  guidance of a qualified doctor.

    reference :






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    Tuesday, 11 August 2009

    Post KP scenario, LTTE and GOSL

    Kumaran Pathmanathen aka KP who was the head of LTTE international network, succeeded prabaharan in May 2009 as the new head of LTTE and engineered the concept of ‘transnational’ Government which was more lateralized to democracy than LTTE’s previous policies.

    Yet, in a surprising move KP was located, arrested and brought to Srilanka by low enforcement authority of SriLanka with the help of Intel units of neighbouring countries. Given that LTTE was rooted out from SriLanka in the recently concluded 4th elam war, This move made a major blow to LTTE organization and its outfits completely hampering its global network.

    “The arrest made us possible to prevent LTTE rising its head again”, Defence Secretory Mr. Gotabaya Rajapaksa was quoted as saying. When asked if KP is in custody, he answered in the affirmative ,confirming all the rumors and gossips.

    As far as LTTE’s global network is concerned, it should be noted that SriLanka is under threat till the network is intact, making remaining remnants of the organization possible to collect money and regroup. To meet this threat GOSl (Government of SriLanka), should utilize its resources to strengthen the intelligence wing and broaden its coverage across the nations.A powerful intelligence unit which is no second to worlds first class Intel agencies like CIA, Mossard, would only can neutralize any kind of threat to the Sovereignty of SriLanka.

    Nevertheless a long lasting solution only can be reached by a proper political agreement which can satisfy the demands of majority of Tamils. Given that the present ground situation is more favorable to a political solution, at this juncture all srilanks should should get to gather leaving racial barriers aside to rise as one nation, So that the solution whatever is obtained would be a long lasting peace
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    Friday, 7 August 2009

    Await a new uptade soon

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